M Amphora Pis

P 11649. H. 0.405; D. 0.26. Almost complete. Orange-buff clay with grits, self-slip; mastic. Ovoid body; grooved base. Rolled lip with projecting flange below. Ridged handles, oval in section.

Storage, Layer II—fragments of a similar amphora of gray-buff clay (mastic).

P 12463. Deposit N 20:5 (late 1st to early 2nd century).

H. 0.415; D. 0.25. Almost complete; restored. Pinkish buff clay with grits, fired gray in part; mastic.

Ovoid body on ring foot; moulded base. Rolled lip with flange below, as in M 48. Wide handles.

Storage, Layer II—three similar bases (mastic).

P 10053. H. 0.32; D. 0.205. Complete; filling hole. Micaceous, gray clay with white grits, fired brown on exterior.

Ovoid body on flat base. Everted, rolled lip. Plat handles. Compare M 98.

Storage, Layer II—fragments of two similar amphorae (mastic).

P 11646. H. 0.25; D. 0.238. Almost complete; restored.

Coarse, red to brownish clay. Biconical body on moulded base; narrow flange below lip; body wheel-ridged.

P 11641. H. 0.225; D. 0.191. Fragmentary; restored.

Rather coarse, reddish buff clay with grits. Round-bottomed pot with low, flaring lip. Flat, grooved handles. Horizontal groove around body at b.a.h.

Storage, Layer II, coarse household wares—fragments of: an amphora probably similar to M 103; a round-mouthed jug probably similar to [J 42j; three round-mouthed jugs similar to [O 103], J 43 and M 80; a jug as G 188 and [M 101 ].

Large Storage Vessels

P 11696. Deposit M 18:1 (2nd century).

H. rest. 0.655; D. 0.257. Fragmentary; upper and lower body sections do not join directly; restored.

Fine, reddish brown clay; thin fabric; traces of white slip.

Cylindrical, wheel-ridged body with rounded bottom. Heavy, rolled lip. Handles oval in section.

This shape is related to that of G 197, H 20 and M 102.

Storage, Layer II—neck and handles of an amphora probably similar to P 11696: brownish clay with traces of white slip; the handles are nearly round in section.

[M 64]. Storage amphora, dipinti. PL 19.

P 12361. Deposit N 20:2 (second half of 1st century).

H. 0.775; D. 0.305. Intact except for the tips of the handles and a small hole in the body.

Gritty, dark buff clay; self-slip.

Large, heavy body built up in two sections and terminating below in a short, blunt toe. The upper section tapers toward a round mouth with rolled lip; there is no neck. Double rolled, horned handles. On the body, decoration and inscriptions in red paint: a broad horizontal band at the mid-point of the body and another between this and the lip; above the upper band, a large letter zeta on one side, epsihn on the other; beneath each handle an elaborate symbol or monogram. Of the monograms, that shown at the left onPlate 19 may represent the numeral 146 or 546 (pus, <piJK). That at the right may be: xu^(a ^ ligature or the symbol for perron combined with M (=40); Miss Lang states that although the capacity of the vessel has not been verified, its size seems appropriate to a capacity of 40 ^eotou. A close parallel to the latter dipinto appears on an amphora from Nubia dated A.D. 50-75 (recorded in the register book of the Egyptian Department, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston: HU-MFA-21-3-378, from Begarawiyah, tomb N 17, chamber A). Compare G 126.

Storage, Layer II—fragments of the handles of an amphora similar to P 12361.

Objects other than Pottery

L 2996. L. 0.11; W. rest. 0.068; H. 0.035. Fragmentary; restored.

Fine, hard, buff clay.

Oval body. Rim plain; discus plain. Base marked by oval groove. Handle mouldmade, pierced and grooved above. Perlzweig.

M 56. Glass bottle fragment. PL 55.

Gill. P.H. 0.095; D. lip 0.038. Lip and neck, with part of the shoulder, preserved. Greenish, translucent glass.

Probably from a bulbous perfume flask such as the clay ungüentaría M 6-7. Everted lip, flat on top. Compare M 106.

M 57. Bone moulding. PL 56.

BI 678. L. 0.104; H. 0.021; Th. 0.01. Single piece, the original surfaces apparently preserved everywhere.

A moulding, perhaps from a bone box or casket; the back and bottom surfaces are plain; on the top, two grooves; on face, a broad, concave channel with a deep groove above and below; the two ends are bevelled for close fitting with the adjoining sections of the moulding.

W 8. P.H. 0.037; D. est. 0.05. Two joining fragments preserve base and part of wall and rim. The cup has shrunk considerably since 1987, and is now preserved in formaldehyde; the profile drawing on PL 73 is a reconstitution based on the original preserved dimensions and the present appearance.

Cup with thick, flat base and almost vertical wall. Possible traces of a projecting handle at the rim.

M 59. Sculptured head, unfinished. PL 52.

S 904. P.H. 0.042; W. 0.032. Broken below the neck. Pentelic marble.

A roughly blocked-out female head, inclined slightly to the left; the hair is gathered in a roll around the face and in a knot at the nape of the neck.

M 60. Marble object. PL 52.

A 1910. H. 0.20; W. 0.098; Th. 0.048. Intact. Pentelic marble.

A slab of marble, apparently intended to be set up vertically on one of the narrow ends, in which can be noted the lead-filled cutting for a two-pronged metal dowel. All surfaces are smoothed; the top and one vertical edge are slightly rounded and marked by a single longitudinal groove. The use to which this object was put is not clear.

Storage, Layer II, objects other than pottery—two bronze handle-lugs for a bail-handled bucket such as M 28.

LAYER III (SECOND i Miscellaneous Glazed and Non-glazed Wares

M 61. Hemispherical bowl, flanged rim.

P 11632. P.H. 0.045; D. lip est. 0.21. Small fragment of rim and wall. Reddish clay; red glaze. From a bowl similar in shape to G 14. Storage, Layer III—fragment of a bowl of similar shape (orange clay; dull, red glaze).

M 62. Bowl fragment.

P 11633. P.H. 0.025; D. est. 0.20. Small fragment of rim and wall.

Reddish clay; dull, red glaze. From a bowl similar to G184; there is no trace of handles on the preserved fragment.

P 11619. P.H. 0.142; D. 0.17. Lower part of body and ring foot preserved.

Reddish buff clay; reddish brown glaze (partial). Deep bowl on ring foot; the wall slopes inward, but at the preserved top there is a slight trace of an eversion toward a lip (?). This bowl may have had a basket handle, as in the case of a bowl with stamped decoration:

P 11188 (Pis. 40, 36). Deposit B 14:2 (2nd century). H. rest. 0.117; D. rest. 0.124. Pinkish buff clay; dull, red glaze (partial). Bowl on low ring foot; everted lip; heavy, twisted basket handle. On the upper half of the body, impressions of a diamond-shaped stamp, so arranged as to form a pattern of eleven inverted triangles.

lLF OF 2nd CENTURY)

P 11631. H. 0.028; D. lip 0.067. Fragmentary, one handle missing; restored.

Yellow-buff clay; dull, red glaze, much worn. Angular body; small, solid handles, crudely made, affixed below lip.

P11733. Deposit M 19:1 (first half of 2nd century). H. 0.053; D. 0.203. Almost complete. Coarse, reddish buff clay with grits. Storage, Layer III—fragment of a similar plate of orange-buff clay.

P 11708. Deposit M 18:1 (2nd century). H. 0.028; D. 0.095. Half preserved. Coarse, reddish brown clay with grits. This shape should be compared with F 53-54, G 60, G 216.

Storage, Layer III—part of a bowl similar to P 11708.

M 67. Globular jug, round mouth. PL 21.

P 11623. H. 0.197; D. rest. 0.174. Fragmentary; restored.

Rather soft, orange-buff clay; dull, red glaze (partial).

A debased example of the shape seen in G 87 and [M 37].

Storage, Layer III—one complete jug and fragments of some six others similar to M 67.

M 68. Globular jug, round mouth. PL 21.

P 11627. H. 0.195; D. 0.183. Fragmentary; restored.

Apparently a misfired piece. The clay is hard and gray; the original slip, together with the glaze which presumably covered the jug partially, has peeled away; the body is seriously warped. As M 67.

P 17871. Deposit C 20:1 (late 2nd to early 3rd century).

H. 0.071; D. 0.064. Intact. Orange-buff clay with some mica; dull, red glaze. As K 61; no painted decoration. Storage, Layer III—fragments of a similar jug (orange-buff clay; the glaze has peeled completely from the surface).

P 11946. Deposit B 14:1 (middle of 1st to early 3rd century).

H. 0.072; D. 0.083. Almost complete. Buff clay; dull, black glaze (partial). Globular body on small ring foot; flaring lip. Grooved handle.

Storage, Layer III—fragments of a jug almost identical in shape, clay and glaze to P 11946.

P 9920. H. 0.072; D. 0.064. Fragmentary; restored. Buff clay, white slip.

Wheel-ridged body on flat base; everted lip. Two vertical, grooved handles. A horizontal groove in the handle zone and another just above the base.

P 9924. H. 0.078; D. 0.079. Almost complete. Buff to pinkish buff clay.

As M 71, but the body is not wheel-ridged; horizontal groove in the handle zone.

M 73. Miniature amphora. PI. 21.

P 10044. H. 0.102; D. 0.059. Intact. Coarse, sandy, gray clay; buff slip. Crudely made; heavy fabric.

The body tapers to a flat base; the lip is thickened. For other miniature vessels see H 14.

M 74. Thymiaterion. PI. 21.

P 10045. P.H. 0.08; D. flange 0.076. Lip and foot broken away.

Reddish clay, matt white slip overall (except for interior of foot). Traces of burning on floor of cup.

Hollow stem surmounted by a cup with oblique wall; cup set off from stem by a pronounced flange.

The original shape is suggested by two thymiateria from the 3rd century filling of Deposit J 18:1 - P 17529, which lacks the flange (publ. Hesperia, XVII, 1948, p. 191, pi. LXIX, 3), and P 17530 (PL 39; the foot is broken away); both are covered with white paint and show traces of burning on the floor of the cup. For other thymiateria, see 6 159, H 15, M 224. A lid such as J 53 might have been used with this thymiaterion.

Storage, Layer III—fragments of two closed vessels, each with neatly turned ring foot (D. 0.065 and 0.078); the wall, in its lower portion, as far as preserved, is oblique; reddish, micaceous clay with a thin red wash on the exterior; the exterior surface burnished.

Coarse Household Wares

M 75. Stamnos, partly glazed. Pl. 21.

Pinkish buff clay, buff slip.

As M 39-40, but less globular. Decoration in dull, red glaze: stripe on lip and on handles; a heavy wave line on either side between the handles; broad vertical stripe below each wave line and below each handle.

Storage, Layer III—fragments of another vessel decorated with bands of red-brown glaze and possibly of the stamnos-type illustrated in M 39-40 and M 75. These fragments, however, show a deposit of black mastic on the interior; such deposit has not been noted in other stamnoi, but it is present in the wide-mouthed amphorae M 41 and M 77.

Orange-brown clay with white grits; dull, orangered glaze (partial).

Globular jar on ring foot; wide mouth with everted lip. Horizontal handles, round in section, applied below lip and bent upward at center to touch under-surface of lip.

P 10038. H. 0.275; D. 0.192. Almost complete; restored.

Buff to pinkish buff clay, self-slip; mastic.

Slender, ovoid body on small ring foot. Neck set off from shoulder by a ridge; three horizontal grooves around the vertical edge of the everted lip. Ridged handles. Horizontal groove at b.a.h.

Compare M 41.

Storage, Layer III—a complete amphora and fragments of another similar to M 77 but smaller (mastic).

P 11630. H. 0.232; D. 0.191. Fragmentary; restored.

Brown, micaceous clay.

Plump, wheel-ridged body on high, flaring ring foot; wide mouth and flaring lip with groove on outer edge. Ridged handles.

Storage, Layer III—fragments of another jar. probably similar to M 78 (mastic).

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