Large vat Pl

P 8938. H. 0.365; D. rest. 0.60; D. base 0.43. About one-quarter of rim, more than half of floor and a considerable part of wall and shelf missing; partly restored.

Hard, coarse, reddish to buff clay with large grits. Traces of three stripes of white paint on the shelf, radiating toward the wall.

Large, deep basin with flat bottom, vertical walls and lip thickened toward the exterior. At the front, over a width of about 0.33 (nearly one-quarter of the circumference), the wall is reduced to a height of only 0.205. At the base of the wall, beneath this opening, a vent, 0.015 in diameter, apparently used for draining the contents of the vat. Diametrically opposite, at the base of the wall in back, a similar vent set at a slight angle upwards toward the exterior, where, around the vent, are traces of an additional member (a funnellike mouth for pouring liquids in from above?). On the interior, extending around two-thirds of the circumference (at back and sides), a shelf 0.13 wide, raised 0.06 above the floor and supported by several struts of clay. On one side, a large horizontal, flat handle; on the other side, but not diametrically opposite, traces of another handle.

The purpose served by this vat is obscure; it may have been designed as a foot-bath in which hot water, poured in from the outside funnel and spreading slowly over the floor, could cool somewhat before coming in contact with the bather's feet resting on the shelf.

Uncatalogued fragments of a similar vat of smaller size (D. base est. 0.32) appeared in Deposit C 18:3, a filling contemporary with the lower fill of the present Deposit (N 19 :1).

P 9670. P.H. 0.86; D. 0.309. Fragmentary; one handle and tip of toe missing; partly restored.

Fine, hard, reddish buff clay.

Ovoid body, tapering sharply toward toe; plain, rounded lip, marked by a groove on the exterior; handles round in section. On shoulder, inscription in black paint, reading uncertain.

F 93. Storage amphora, Coan. PL 3.

P 11880. H. 0.878; D. 0.325. Fragmentary; restored.

Buff to pinkish buff clay, buff to greenish buff slip.

Slender body tapering at bottom to a short, blunt toe; shoulder set off from wall at an angle and from neck by a deep groove (which probably marks the joint between separately made neck and shoulder sections, as in 6 198); short neck with plain, rounded lip; double rolled handles (not stamped).

This type of jar is considered to be of Coan manufacture. It is found distributed throughout the eastern Mediterranean and examples have penetrated as far east as Arikamedu (Pondicherry) on the eastern coast of India.16

F 94. Storage amphora, Rhodian. PL 3.

Rather fine, buff clay; self-slip.

Slender body tapering to a narrow toe with knob ; lip marked by deep groove on exterior. Pointed handles, round in section (not stamped).

Jars of this type seem related in fabric and shape to stamped Rhodian amphorae of the Hellenistic period; the pointed handles do not occur, however, on the stamped specimens. Compare P 21780 and 21781, similar amphorae from the Augustan filling of Deposit R 10:1, and a neck fragment from Arikamedu.17 Fragments of such amphorae occur also in Group G, Layer Ila (uninventoried).

F 95. Storage amphora. PL 3.

P 11879. P.H. 0.615; D. 0.33. Fragmentary; handles and part of neck missing; partly restored.

Light red, micaceous clay; buff slip.

Ovoid body, more plump than F 92-94, with short, blunt toe; slight angle between shoulder and wall; handles were oval in section.

F 96. Stamped amphora handle, Knidian. PL 36.

SS 6711. Max. dim. 0.079. Upper part of handle only preserved; part of stamp missing.

Rectangular stamp on top surface of handle: amphora, [K]AsuMlOeus. I owe the reading to Miss Virginia Grace, who considers this stamp to belong to the 1st century B.C., subsequent to Sulla's sack of Athens. For a general study of Knidian amphorae (primarily Hellenistic) see V. Grace, Hesperia, III, 1934, pp. 241-275; Grace, in Pnyx, ii, pp. 144-164.

Objects other than Pottery

L 2698. L. rest. 0.101; W. 0.057; H. 0.036. Handle missing; restored.

Reddish buff clay; reddish glaze.

Rim: wreath of leaves and buds. Nozzle triangular; base concave. Howland no. 762, type 54 A.

R.Howland informs me that this type of rim decoration begins before 86 B.C. but continues past that date.F97, located at a depth of 1.25from the top of the

18 V. Grace, Hesperia, Suppl. VIII, 1949, pp. 181,186,189, pi. 19, 8; A. Maduri, Nuova silloge epigráfica di Rodi e Cos, Firenze, 1925, pp. 245-248 (note especially the figure on p. 246, an amphora of more nearly cylindrical shape than F 93); M. Wheeler, Ancient India, II, 1946, pp. 41-45, fig. 9,58-57. The Hellenistic jars of Coan type generally have filling of the cistern, probably belongs to its later period.

L 2699. L. rest. 0.118; W. 0.066; H. 0.034. End of nozzle missing; restored.

Hard, brownish red clay; dull, brownish red glaze. Rim: boukrania joined by festoons of bead-and-reel pattern; a rosette above each festoon. On base, signature, incised in the clay while moist, Aiovl vcriov. Howland no. 804, type 57.

identifying stamps on the handles; later specimens, such as F 93, that from Arikamedu and one from Rhodes (cited by Maiuri, p. 245) bear no stamps. The shape is also known in the west in Augustan and Tiberian times: Haltem, I, pp. 250-25i, fig. 36; Hofheim, pp. 301-302, fig. 71. 17 Wheeler, op. cit., p. 45, fig. 10,81.

L 3223. L. rest. 0.119; W. 0.073; H. 0.037. Tip of nozzle, handle and part of body.missing; restored. Hard, pinkish buff clay; dull, reddish brown glaze. Rim: ridges radiating from center. Base flat and undecorated. Howland type 52 E (see under Howland no. 736).

L 2697. L. rest. 0.110; W. 0.063; H. 0.031. Handle missing; restored.

Brownish red clay; metallic, reddish brown to black glaze.

Rim: as F 99. Nozzle triangular. Base concave. Solid lug on left edge of rim. Howland no. 718, type 52 C.

L 2721. L. rest. 0.129; W. 0.081; H. 0.034. Handle and parts of rim and nozzle missing; restored.

Hard, reddish clay; reddish glaze, fired brownish black on underside.

Rim: as F 99-100. Nozzle triangular with five grooves along top. Raised lip all around rim and nozzle. Base concave and undecorated. Howland no. 736, type 52 E.

L 2719. L. rest. 0.133; W. 0.073; H. 0.04. Handle and tip of nozzle missing; restored.

Hard, reddish clay with some grits; dull, reddish glaze.

Rim plain; base concave. Two grooves along top of nozzle. Howland no. 569, type 44 A.

L 3222. L. rest. 0.121; W. rest. 0.068; H. 0.042. Handle, tip of nozzle and part of body missing; restored.

Hard, reddish clay with grits; dull, dark reddish glaze.

Rim plain; base flat. Howland no. 571, type 44 A.

L 3225. D. rim est. 0.08. Several joining and non-joining fragments preserve part of discus and body; base missing.

Soft, gritty, gray-buff clay; traces of dull, orange-brown glaze.

Narrow rim (as M 19) set off from discus by two grooves. Discus concave and decorated in relief: nude male figure (preserved from shoulder to thigh), facing left. Volutes at either side of nozzle, against rim. The nozzle terminated either as G150 or as G151. A lamp of Broneer's type XXII. Perlzweig.

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