During the 1992 season, in the process of searching for the southern limit of Neopalatial Ashlar Building T, a new excavation area was opened up to the southwest.2 The first stage in the process was to remove by mechanical means the meters of deep, sterile post-Roman sand accumulation3 from above the ancient levels (from ca. +9.17 m to ca. +4.80 m).4 A single trench then located the western end of Ashlar Building P's Gallery 6 as well as the southern, east-west, wall of Building T (see Fig. 1, bottom, center).5 In 1993 we learned that this latter wall was the southern wall of what has come to be called T's South Stoa (Figs. 2-3), with six columns. It faced a similar one, the North Stoa, across the north-south length of the Central Court of Building T. During the same excavation season we discovered a pottery kiln, the subject of this monograph, presumably built within the South Stoa after it had been abandoned (see below). The eastern half
1. The authors would like to express their thanks to the trench-masters who were in charge of excavating the kiln, in particular Josee Sabourin and Kate Walsh (1993), Gordon Nixon (1994), and M. C. Shaw (1995), also to Taylor Dabney for his photography and Julia
Pfaff (assisted by Nicolle Hirschfeld)
for the drawings of the pottery. Aleydis Van de Moortel, Jeremy Rutter, and Alan Johnston were responsible for pottery analysis. Barbara Hamann, Clarissa Hagen-Plettenberg, and Katharine Hall mended the pottery, which was inventoried by Niki Kantzios and Deborah Ruscillo. Giuliana Bianco drew the plans and sections. Thanks are also due to Doniert Evely, Julie Hansen, Ned Rehder, and Jennifer and Tom Shay, who were most helpful during various stages of the kiln study.
of the kiln was then cleared, as well as part of the northernmost channel or flue (channel 1 in Fig. 6).6 In 1994 the western half of the kiln, including the firing pit, was excavated, as well as the second and fourth channels.7 Kiln excavation was completed in 1995 upon the clearing of the third channel.8 During excavation, dry sieving and wet sieving were employed extensively to recover small artifacts and, especially, any charcoal evidence of organic materials used to fire the kiln. Unfortunately, only ash was found, and determining plant/wood type without charcoal is extremely difficult.
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