The mycenaean pottery

From the published excavations at Hazor, fifty-eight Mycenaean ceramic vessels and fragments can be identified, which have been listed in Catalogue III.10 None of these vessels or figurines has been sub

7 Yadin 1972, 95, Ben-Tor et al. 1997, 89-98. 9 Bienkowski 1987.

8 Gonen 1984, 66-68; Bienkowski 1987, 52-53; Daviau 10 This total exceeds Leonard's (1994, 204-205) figure of

1993, 255. fifty-four Mycenaean finds at Hazor. This is largely ject to scientific provenance research and their place of manufacture cannot be established with certainty. In terms of shape and decoration, the majority of the Mycenaean vessels at Hazor are fairly standard material. All the Mycenaean vessels are of pot shapes which occur more than five times in the Levant and Cyprus,11 and the decoration consists in all cases of a standard repertoire of linear and abstract designs.12 In addition, most vessels are of LH IIIA2-LH IIIB manufacture, with only a deep bowl (FS 284: cat. no. 11) being of secure LH IIIB2 date. I have argued in chapter 2 that a large part of the corpus of Mycenaean pottery in the eastern Mediterranean is likely to have been produced in the Peloponnese. In my view, this is also the case for the fairly standard repertoire of this pottery at Hazor. An exception should certainly be made for two Mycenaean stirrup jars (cat. nos. 24, 32) executed in the so-called 'Simple Style'. A Cretan origin for this style has been suggested, while such pots were probably also produced in Cyprus during LCII.13

The fifty-eight items in Catalogue III are not all the Mycenaean finds made in Hazor. The campaigns led by Yadin in 1955-1958 and in 1968 have been fully published and we may assume that our data set is complete for these excavations. The material from the 1928 excavations has never been published, but in his notebook Garstang refers to the complete absence of Mycenaean pottery.14 The results of the renewed excavations of the 1990s are known through preliminary reports only.15 Since 1995, a large Late Bronze Age building has been excavated, which has been referred to as a palace. Mycenaean sherds, albeit only a handful, have been mentioned from the latest excavations; these are not listed in Catalogue III.16 These fragments could provide contextual information for the Mycenaean pottery at Hazor different from that currently available.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment