The Semiglobular

The semiglobular cup is one of the three open shapes in LH I, and may be divided into two subtypes. The first does not have a stemmed base (FS 211), while the second does

241 MP 35, fig. 7; Caskey 1957a, 143-145, pl 39:i; RMDP, 83, 84 fig. 11:14. Askoi from Shaft Grave M in Grave Circle B at Mycenae appear to be Minoan in origin (Circle B, 153-156, pls. 133:alpha, delta, epsilon, 134:zeta; 83). See Fig. 3.9.

(FS 212).242 Few complete examples of either subtype occur; sherds cannot (and should not) be differentiated without the base. Semiglobular cups occur at virtually every site in the Korinthia and Argolid: Korakou (KOR 7), Tsoungiza (TSO 1), Lerna (LER 16-26), Prosymna (PRO 12), Midea (MID 9-15), and Mycenae (MYC 8).243 LER 16-19 and 21 and PRO 12 are particularly excellent examples of FS 211, while LER 20 and MYC 8 represent FS 212.

Both subtypes have tall, everted rims, varying between 11.0 and 14.0 cm in diameter. The bodies of the cups are deep and semiglobular in shape. The bases of both are flat, and range in diameter from 4.0 to 6.0 cm. FS 211 and FS 212 stand 7.0 to 9.0 cm tall and have vertical strap handles reaching from the rim to the middle of the body.244 In regards to their decorative schemes, the cups often have interior and exterior rim bands. The exterior bands may descend below the rim proper and onto the body. The interior band is often quite deep and uneven; because it is painted onto an unslipped surface, its color usually is different from the paint color on the exterior.245 LER 22 lacks an exterior band; instead, there is a line of dots on the rim, and a thin band appears on the join between the rim and body. The main decorative zone occupies the area beneath the

243 The attribution of TSO 1 and MID 15 is not certain although both pieces most likely belong to FS 211/212.

244 A contemporary miniature cup of the type comes from a child's cist grave (DC 2) at Lerna (Caskey 1957a, 145, pl. 39:g; Blackburn 1970, 174; RMDP, 83).

245 See above.

rim band and reaches to the middle of the body. Motifs include two types of double-axe, FM 35, one with a single stem and one with wavy lines in place of a stem.246 Retorted, running, and tangents spirals, FM 46, are also known, as are wavy lines, FM 53, stylized and combination variants of the foliate band, FM 64, ripple patterns, FM 78, and the bar pattern consisting of vertical bars and semicircles.247 Two to three medium or broad bands are found below the decorative zone, and a band encompasses the base. Oblique splashes appear on the handle. Added white paint is found applied on the exterior rim band and body bands; MID 12 has oblique white dashes on the rim. As with PRO 5 above, LER 27 requires its own discussion. While a morphological relationship to FS 211 exists, the body is carinated at its widest point. The decoration consists of a rim band, pendant semicircles below (Buck Motif 56), a reserved area, oblique dashes, a medium band, a horizontal v-pattern (Buck Motif 50), and a band around the base. While the motifs are unusual for this or any other Mycenaean Decorated shape, the morophological relationship between the vessel and FS 211 is apparent, and paint is clearly lustrous; therefore LER 27 must be attributed to Mycenaean


246 The second type of double axe usually dates to LH IIA (MDP, 18, 20).

247 The spirals are often "squashed" between the rim band and the uppermost body band.

248 Since the vessel has been restored, no section is visible; it is impossible to determine if the fabric is Mycenaean Decorated. Other examples in which neither the shape nor the motif conform to Furumark numbers exist; from the earlier excavations at Midea, for

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