Terminology and Phasing System at Kolonna

The terminology and phasing system at Kolonna, as well as some related problems, may be summarized as follows. In previous publications, three phases of occupation - Kolonna IV to VI - were distinguished for the EH III period, and four settlement phases -Kolonna VII to X - for the MH period.5 The same terms have also been used for describing the sequence of ceramic phases. This practice is in our opinion liable to lead to misunderstanding and we would like, instead, to distinguish clearly between the strati-graphic sequence of settlement phases and the sequence of ceramic phases.6 We have therefore introduced an alphanumeric system for describing the different stages of the ceramic development at Kolonna (Fig. B). It is important to keep in mind that the ceramic sequencing illustrated in figure B is still preliminary, as our own research - as well as the work by Lydia Berger on the EH II pottery and studies of the pre-EH II pottery - are not yet completed.7

Ceramic phases F and G characterize the end of the EH III period and the beginning of the MH period; on Figure C, the respective settlement phases Kolonna VI and VII are marked by a gray background, reflecting the difficulties and current debate concerning the correlation of these phases of settlement and ceramics. Until recently, settlement phases VI to VIII were defined primarily by the extensions of the massive fortification wall, in the virtual absence of houses and related pottery deposits. Since most of the pottery associated with these settlements was found in stratigraphically later contexts, as is shown on the map in Figure A, study of that pottery

* The authors want to thank all those who have supported the Aegina SCIEM 2000 project, particularly Florens Felten and Manfred Bietak, representing the Aegina excavations and the SCIEM 2000 project. Without their help, our research and the workshop at Salzburg would not have been possible. Friedrich Krinzinger and Georg Ladstatter, directors of the Austrian Archaeological Institute at Vienna and at Athens, respectively, have generously supported the research of one of the authors (WG) as well. The authors have further benefited from information helpfully shared in discussions with Evangelia Kiriatzi, Carl Knappett, Michael Lindblom, Nicole tta Momigliano, Aleydis van de Moortel, Irene Nikolakopoulou, John Overbeck, Jeremy Rutter, Peter Warren and Carol Zerner. The latter very kindly provided us with her catalogue and the plates of the stratigraphic sequence from area D at Lerna.

1 Reports on our research conducted under the SCIEM 2000 project: Gauss and SMETANA 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007a, 2007b; Gauss 2006a, 2006b.

2 WALTER and Felten 1981; for the labeling system used in that work to catalogue material from the old excavations, see Gauss and SMETANA 2003, 472 n. 16; 2004, 1104 n. 56.

3 Felten and Hiller 1996, 2004; Berger 2004; Gauss and Smetana 2004.

4 Reports on the new excavations at Aegina-Kolonna: Fel-ten et al. 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006.

5 Walter and Felten 1981; Felten and Hiller 2004, 1089.

6 Gauss and Smetana 2004, 1104-5; 2007a, 2007b; Gauss 2006b.

7 See Berger 2004 for a report on her important ongoing study of the EH II pottery from Aegina-Kolonna.

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