Second group

Biscuit reddish; surface not burnished. Bichrome decor with stripes and curvilinear elements.

14. "Äginaschüssel" K 10 II/10 (Fig. 16a, b) Fragments. D. ca. 0.26 m.

Biscuit greenish; stripes and curvilinear elements in dark matt painting, brown at the rim ("bichrome ware").

15. "Äginaschüssel" K 10 II/16 (3104) (Fig. 18) D. ca. 0.28 m.

Biscuit reddish yellow on the surface, light-colored slip; decor with hanging bends ("bichrome ware").

  1. "Äginaschüssel" K 10 II/15 (Fig. 17) D. ca. 0.26-0.28 m.
  2. Bowl (small "Äginaschüssel") K 10 II/25 (Fig. 19a, b)
  3. ca. 0.20 m.

Reddish biscuit; stripes and a scroll in dark brown matt painting.

18. Hole-mouthed jar K 7 II/14 (3158) (Fig. 20a, b) D. (rim) 0.22 m.

Reddish biscuit, red-brown slip; burnished.

19. Pot ("kitchen ware") K 13 II/20 (Fig. 21a, b) D. (rim) ca. 0.22 m.

Coarse biscuit; blackened.

  1. Cup ("kitchen ware") K 8 II/10 (Fig. 22a, b)
  2. (rim) ca. 0.12 m. Coarse biscuit.

21-22. Potters' marks ("kitchen ware") K 7 II/95.96 (Figs. 23a, b; 24a, b)

23-26. Potters' marks ("kitchen ware") K 8 II (Fig. 25a-d)

"Aeginetan" production of these two phases represents a wide assortment of matt-painted storage vessels (e.g., amphoras, jars) and table ware (e.g., bowls, jugs, cups) decorated with very late and restless patterns, some of them under the distinct influence of Greek "mainland style". In the first phase, recognizable initial signs of "Aginaschusseln" and "bichrome ware" are absent, appearing during the next phases of development. Red-slipped bowls and goblets make up one of the distinct classes of local production, and the wide spectrum of undecorated medium coarse to coarse wares constitutes the main production of this "Aegean trade-domain" in EM times.

In the finds from these chambers of the "outer suburb", one can identify pottery characteristics that indicate the time span of the chambers' use. It is important to note that in the context of the ceramic deposits, individual pieces are identifiable as traditional LH I ware: for example, a "straight-sided cup" with running spiral (Fig. 26a, b). But this traditional Mycenaean ware ("local production"!) occurs only in small quantities.

At the end of the MBA and the EM periods, settlements on Cape Kolonna see their largest expansion. Ceramic production prospers and remote trade comes to its height.6 In this context, the importance of Kolonna is evidently linked to the output of its local earthenware production. However, specific groups of Aegean pottery from this period (e.g., matt-painted, bichrome decorated pottery, burnished ware, plain wares) have not been sufficiently presented so far. My remarks refer to some deposits of the so-called outer suburb of prehistoric Aegina. This part of the settlement had been established at the end of MH period and the beginning of the first Mycenaean period. It has been my aim - very briefly - to present substantial classifications of ceramics, relevant to the questions of synchronization and, further, to construct a view of urban development of this important trade-domain.7

Bibliography

1991 The Argolid at the transition to the Mycenaean age. Studies in the chronology and cultural development in the shaft grave period. Copenhagen.

Hiller, S.

1975 Mykenische Keramik. Alt-Ägina IV, 1. Mainz.

Kilian-Dirlmeier, I.

1997 Das mittelbronzezeitliche Schachtgrab von Ägina. Alt-Ägina IV, 3. Mainz.

1992b Kiapha Thiti. Ergebnisse der Ausgrabungen. Vol. II, 2, 2. Jt. v. Chr.: Keramik und Kleinfunde. MarbWPr 1990. Marburg.

Walter, H.

1993 Ägina. Die archäologische Geschichte einer griechischen Insel. München.

Welter, G.

1925 "Ägina. Archäologische Funde in den Jahren 1923/4."AA 40:318-21.

1926 "Inseln. Archäologische Funde im Jahr 1925." AA 41:432-3.

1929 Review of Prehistoric Aegina (1925), edited by J.P. Harland. Gnomon V:185.

1938 Aigina. Berlin.

WOHLMAYR, W.

2000 "Schachtgräberzeitliche Keramik aus Ägina." In: Österreichische Forschungen zur Ägäischen Bronzezeit, edited by F. BLAKOLMER, 127-36. Vienna.

Zerner, C.

1993 "New Perspectives on Trade in the Middle and Early Late Helladic Periods on the Mainland." In: Proceedings of the Conference "Wace and Blegen. Pottery as Evidence for Trade in the Aegean Bronze Age 1939-1989." Held at the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Athens, 2-3 Dec.1989, edited by C. Zerner et al. 39-56. Amsterdam.

6 Some new ceramic deposits at Kolonna from the EM period attest the indisputable importance and range of local production during this phase. "Aegina ware" is found in quantity at island as well as coastal sites, and seems to be common at least as late as LH IIA.

7 I would like to express my thanks to Prof. Dr. F. Felten and the staff of the Aegina excavations, who made it possible for me to work on the ceramics presented here.

Fig. 6 K4 I/2 (3265)
  1. 7a K8 I/3
  2. 7b K8 I/3
Fig. 15 a-c K10 II/4 (3143)
Mycenaean Pottery Aegina

Was this article helpful?

+1 0

Post a comment