Frederick Litchfield

AUTHOR OK POTTERY AND PORCELAIN, ILLUSTRATED H IS I'ORY OK FURNITURE, ETC. ETC. LONDON REEVES AND TURNER 83 CHARING CROSS ROAD, W.C. X0O First Edition, 1S74 Second Edition, 1889 Reprinted y 1892 A New Edit o i 1S9S Reprinted) 1901 Printed ly BalLamtVnr, UansoN 6* Co. At the liullumyiie I'Icbd This New Edition of Chaffers' Hand-book is now published in a more complete form than the previous issues,, and should be of greater service to the collcctor, for, in addition to some 500 marks which have...

Collarnecked Jugs Fine

Collar-necked jug Single sherd preserving 25 rim and neck, beginning of shoulder, lug, most of spout. Pres. H. 0.03, Diam. rim 0.096. Fine fabric with reddish yellow fracture and pink surfaces. 1 inclusions. Exterior monochrome dark brown to dilute light brown. Interior dark-dipped neck. Shape variant relatively tall, in-sloping neck, straight rim, spout pulled from rim. 39 (C 10508). Collar-necked jug Single sherd preserving 10 rim and neck with complete lug, 25 shoulder. Pres....

Differentiation within the repertoire of mycenaean pottery

The role of Mycenaean pots in cultural practices probably varied not only according to social group or place. Different Mycenaean pot shapes or types of decoration may also have been endowed with a different meanings. In addition, we need to review the significance of Mycenaean vessels in the various chronological styles. The earliest Aegean imports at Enkomi were used by a very limited group. However, LH IIB-LH IIIA1 finds have been discovered in tombs in various parts of the site, indicating...

The mycenaean pottery

In a wide array of publications, 1472 Mycenaean ceramic finds from Enkomi could be identified, in styles ranging from LH I to LH IIIB-LH IIIC these are listed in Catalogue V.18 Six of these finds concern ceramic figurines, while there are 1466 pots or sherds thereof. The majority of the Mycenaean pots at Enkomi appears to originate in Greece. Nine out of eleven Mycenaean pictorial sherds analysed by Catling and Millett using OES did appear to have an origin in the Peloponnese.19 For two sherds...

The world atlatl association

Box 56, Ocotillo, CA 92259-0056 JVSWSfXJb TJL 'JEX & iUAGAZOKES y yp lafyrp Wf.'V Phone (619)358-7835 Member ship includes subscription to THE ATLATL, Newsletter of THE WORLD ATLATL ASSOCIATION. Keep informed of atlatl contests and results, archaeological finds and new studies from around the world. We welcome as members, anyone who is interested in the ancient hunting weapon, the atlatl, and agrees with the objectives of the association. Send for your new membership brochure today....

Large vat Pl

H. 0.365 D. rest. 0.60 D. base 0.43. About one-quarter of rim, more than half of floor and a considerable part of wall and shelf missing partly restored. Hard, coarse, reddish to buff clay with large grits. Traces of three stripes of white paint on the shelf, radiating toward the wall. Large, deep basin with flat bottom, vertical walls and lip thickened toward the exterior. At the front, over a width of about 0.33 (nearly one-quarter of the circumference), the wall is reduced to a...

The Kiln Dump

A large mass of about 26,000 pottery fragments, weighing more than 450 kg, was found in and around the Kommos kiln, covering a large part of the South Stoa of Building T and spilling onto the court (Figs. 8, 13-17, 19, 21, 26-28, 30-31).1 Several features of this deposit, apart from its location, indicate that the bulk of it represents waste from the kiln operation. First, there are more than 300 ceramic wasters distributed throughout the deposit, as well as small numbers of burned and...

K D Amphora toePl

Toe and part of body preserved in single fragment. A short, pointed toe projecting from a rounded bottom. Six heavy ridges around the upper part of the toe. Storage, Drain fragments of neck and handles which may belong to K 115. Several similar neck fragments from other deposits have been inventoried, but in no case is the body preserved below the shoulder one such fragment is P 21330 (Pl. 40), which comes from a filling of the early 3rd century P.H. 0.310 D....

Workshops And Analytical Control Groups In The Prehistoric Aegean

Analytical research on prehistoric Aegean pottery has concentrated on questions of both provenance and technology, with notable success in its long history of work.1 The study of Minoan ceramics has been an important component of this development, exploiting both elemental and, more recently, mineralogical techniques.2 Provenance studies have generally been based on comparison of the elemental composition of pottery of unknown origin with chemical control groups, sampled to be representative of...

M Amphora Pis

Almost complete. Orange-buff clay with grits, self-slip mastic. Ovoid body grooved base. Rolled lip with projecting flange below. Ridged handles, oval in section. Storage, Layer II fragments of a similar amphora of gray-buff clay (mastic). P 12463. Deposit N 20 5 (late 1st to early 2nd century). H. 0.415 D. 0.25. Almost complete restored. Pinkish buff clay with grits, fired gray in part mastic. Ovoid body on ring foot moulded base. Rolled lip with flange below, as in...

Process

During the 1992 season, in the process of searching for the southern limit of Neopalatial Ashlar Building T, a new excavation area was opened up to the southwest.2 The first stage in the process was to remove by mechanical means the meters of deep, sterile post-Roman sand accumulation3 from above the ancient levels (from ca. +9.17 m to ca. +4.80 m).4 A single trench then located the western end of Ashlar Building P's Gallery 6 as well as the southern, east-west, wall of Building T (see Fig. 1,...

At The Clay Holes

Today the Indians dig their clay with common garden tools. It is relatively certain that this has generally been the case since iron tools became available in the sixteenth century. Edith Brown recalled digging clay with a knife, and Wilburn Harris used any metal object, not necessarily a shovel, found in the yard (Edith Brown, interview, 21 April 1977, BC Wilburn Harris, interview, 9 May 1977, BC). Harrington mentioned the use of a hoe, which hardly seems an efficient tool for taking clay from...

Funerary evidence

The majority of the Mycenaean pots which are known to have been found in Cyprus probably derive from tombs, which have been subject to pillaging from ancient until modern times. Most sites in Cyprus where Mycenaean pottery has been found are tomb sites.173 At Enkomi, it is clear that the inclusion of Mycenaean pots in tombs was a widespread phenomenon. At Kition (site no. 63), tombs 167 Catling 1957, 42 no. 187. 172 Webb & Frankel 1994, 19 Knapp 1996a, 20-22 1997, 168 Astrom 1972b, 354 no....

Settlement contexts

The structures at Broglio di Trebisacce in the Middle and Late Bronze Ages are characterised by posts at a relative large distance from one another, sometimes set in a ditch, while stones are used for reinforcements only.38 Mycenaean pottery has been found in association with only three of the total of seven architectural structures that have been identified at the site. Thirty-eight Aegean-type finds are 37 Vagnetti & Panichelli (1994, 405-406) suggest the possibility that the decoration of...

Lamp signedPI

P.L. 0.106 W. 0.061 H. 0.029. Handle missing. Buff to grayish clay dull, reddish brown glaze, much blackened around nozzle and discus. Rather flat body wide discus surrounded by raised edge. On the narrow rim, imbricate pattern. Nozzle triangular. On the flat base, signature in relief, the letters retrograde, TTocp I a io I vov. Howland no. 665, type 49 B. Though not of the gray clay and black glaze typical of Ephesos lamps (Broneer's type XIX), G 134 has a shape not inconsistent with...

The Roman Pottery And Lamps

THE AMERICAN SCHOOL OF CLASSICAL STUDIES AT ATHENS PRINCETON, NEW JERSEY 1990 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data The sanctuary of Demeter and Kore the Roman pottery and lamps by Kathleen Warner Slane. p. cm. (Corinth v. 18, pt. 2) Includes bibliographical references and indexes. ISBN 0-87661-182-X (alk. paper) 1. Pottery, Roman Greece Corinth Catalogs. 2. Lamps, Roman Greece Corinth Catalogs. 3. Sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone (Corinth, Greece) Catalogs. 4. Corinth (Greece)...

Lh Iiiblh Iiic

Such a concentration may be explained if we investigate the spatial distribution for the various stratigraphical phases (Table 15.2). It is evident that most Mycenaean finds from stratified contexts derive from Capo Graziano and Milazzese levels. The higher levels yielded far less Mycenaean finds. The northern part of the main excavation area, areas 3 and 4, have produced a relatively high number of Mycenaean finds from the Ausonio periods. It appears that the concentration of our finds in the...

Combination Of Casting And Modeling By Handan Egyptian Vase

There are hut few materials that lend themselves to garden ornaments better than concrete Like stone, it seems to harmonize with the sur roundings and gives a dignified and massive appearance to the whole theme, which is most pleasing to the eye. This s particularly true if good, bold, graceful outlines are given to the designs of the ornaments used. As a usual practice, concrete ornaments are cast in plaster or glue molds. If the piece is at all complicated the making of the mold in which it...

Perspective

Hagstrum Ethnoarchaeological data from contemporary Wanka villages in the Mantaro Valley of the Peruvian Andes provide new perspectives on the use and discard of ceramic cooking vessels. We present a regional survey of ceramic vessel use and discard with household consumption as the focus of study. A mathematical model determines vessel uselifefrom the age distribution of in-use vessels. We examine the number of vessels per household, their volume, their...

Roman Pottery Glossary

In the description of objects in the catalogue, the following abbreviations, descriptive terms and conventions have been employed During the course of excavation, each object uncovered which was thought worthy of record received an inventory number preceded by a letter or letters which indicated its category or material, as shown below. For the purposes of this study, the objects from each of the eight groups have received additional, arbitrary catalogue numbers preceded by the group letter. In...

Use And Form

Agia Triada Reconstitution

Broadly speaking, there are two main types of Minoan kilns, which seem to be of different dates. The first type comprises structures that are hemispherical or circular, with or without a stoking channel these generally date to LM III. The second type, normally found in Neopalatial contexts, comprises those with multiple parallel channels leading out from a firing pit these function as cross-draft kilns, with the draft being drawn across the firing chamber.19 In plan, this second type is rather...

Tribe Gathering Hotline

There will be a special information line set up to keep you posted on the latest information available on TRIBE Gathering. Just dial our regular number (704) 827-0723, wait for the answering machine to kick in, then dial '3'. This line will carry updates and general information all the way up until the time of the event. If we are in, however, you can ask us what ever you need to know. In addition to this line you may also dial '1' for General Information (What TRIBE is about, our address,...

Social groups to be associated with mycenaean pottery

In the Capo Graziano settlement at the Lipari acropolis, Mycenaean pottery appears to have been used by all inhabitants at the site during this period, but the people living near structure 8 IV possessed more of it than others. On the nearby island of Filicudi, the Mycenaean material found in contemporary levels was widely distributed, but a concentration of Mycenaean finds in structure no. XXV indicates that a particular group within society made more use of this material than others.66 Most...

The role of mycenaean pottery in the material culture of broglio di trebisacce

Apart from a small piece of amber discovered in levels dating to the Final Bronze Age,49 the twelve Aegean pots are the only clearly identifiable imports which have been discovered at Broglio di Trebisacce. The few bronzes from the site may also have been imported from elsewhere, but they have their best parallels on the Italian mainland and do not seem to derive from international maritime ex-change.50 Mycenaean pottery, which consists of well-levigated clay and is wheel-made, is of an...

First group

Biscuit beige, without painted decoration potter's 2. Amphora K 10 I 1 (3106) (Fig. 5a-c) Biscuit reddish yellow on the surface porous and Fig. 2 Early Mycenaean 'chamber system' of the Outer Extension (1987) Fig. 2 Early Mycenaean 'chamber system' of the Outer Extension (1987) splintery firnisartige Mattfarbe decorated with circles. 3. Amphora K 13 I 1 (3422) (Fig. 4) H. ca. 0.45 m (complete). Biscuit beige yellow firnisartige Mattfarbe decorated with bends and scrolls. 4. Jar ( ) K 4 I 2...

Annual Discard

Data from the usage survey, specifically the number of in-use vessels and vessel uselife, allow prediction of the number of vessels that will be discarded annually using Equation 5. The variation in annual discard with household size is plotted for various ceramic vessel morphologies in Figure 10. (Tables 6 and 8 give these data as total annual discard, dividing by the number of families yields the data of Figure 10.) There is a strong correlation between the predicted annual discard of ceramic...

Ymmak EarthttkUlH

'Snow Bear' Steven Taylor Rt. 5, Box 396, Hayesville, NC 28904 Phone (704)389-9336 Yonah is the Cherokee word for bear, a symbol of inner strength and insight, which have been for me the deep and lasting gifts that come from the practice of primitive living skills and awareness of the natural world. Yonah Earthskills is dedicated to the growth and education of youth and adults, with aboriginal living skills, nature awareness and wilderness challenge expeditions being the focus of the...

Role of the cypriots

The large quantities of Mycenaean pots in Cyprus, the size of which is small in comparison which such vast areas as Anatolia, the Levant, Egypt and the central Mediterranean, indicates that the island played a special role with regard to the distribution of Mycenaean pots in the Mediterranean. Such a special role is emphasised by the observation that in the Levant and Egypt, Cypriot and Mycenaean pots are often found together. Cyprus had a long tradition of pottery export to the Levant and...

Twentiethcentury Changes

Catawba pottery has survived because it remains Indian in character and marketable to non-Indians. The tradition does not, however, exist in a museum setting. Today's burning method is a masterful innovation that takes advantage of modern technology yet honors the primary requirement that the pottery remain Catawba in appearance. Fewkes was the first to note a change in the burning process One of the most recent innovations in firing is the use of the kitchen stove and a tin wash tub. Vessels...

Local Production and Imports

Burnished Grey Ware

Although coarse wares constitute a fairly high proportion of the ceramic assemblage in most Middle Helladic (MH) settlements, they have received much less attention than the various categories of semifine and fine ware, such as the monochrome (Grey and Yellow Minyan, dark burnished) or decorated (matt-painted, Lustrous Decorated) wares. The latter show much greater variability and therefore their study may provide some insights into the social structure and economic organization of the MH...

Aegina Kolonna The History of a Greek Acropolis

Aegina Colona Plan

The main topic of the contributions collected in this volume is the Aegean Middle Bronze Age and the position of Aegina within this framework. The importance of the island in this epoch has become quite clear, and J. Rutter has characterized it most convincingly as a Middle Helladic site without peer in the Greek mainland.1 We must, however, not forget that the history of Cape Kolonna covers a much longer period of time and that archaeological research at the site started with an entirely...

Examples Of Items Producedby Pecking

Molusco Bivaldo Anatomia

Trade or sell table or do classes where people who are interested come. You may also request a master, white copy if you wish to help us out by running off copies for us and passing them out. CANADA AND INTERNATIONAL RATE CHANGE It is great to have members in other countries. Welcome It is great to communicate and network with people from all over the world. But, Wow It sure does cost to mail to other countries. Something we have no control over. To cover our costs, rates for membership will be...

Weesp Porcelain

Wear, potter Wecii J. , painter Wedgwoods, of Yearslcy, Wkgkley, potter Wklhv, potter Wessici. M. , potter Westiiead amp Co., potters Wi 1 alley J. , potter Wheel, as a mark 82, Wmikldon, potter Wii.lani J. , painter Willow pattern Wilson, potter Windmill, as a mark Wing of a bird WlNTERGURSTS, potters 8l Wolfe T. , potter 212 Wood Aaron , potter 205 - E. , amp Sons 206 Worcester Porcelain Company 223 Worenzou amp Co., potters 234

Modeling Ceramic Use and Discard

Herein we describe a mathematical model for the relation between in-use and discarded ceramic vessels. Following Schiffer 1976 53 , we consider pre Figure 1. Peruvian central highlands with the modern towns of Jauja and Huancayo indicated along the Mantaro River Valley. The survey villages are located in the foothills of the cordillera flanking the margins of the river valley between Jauja and Huancayo. Figure 1. Peruvian central highlands with the modern towns of Jauja and Huancayo indicated...

Chronology Of The Pottery

This volume discusses the pottery of the Sanctuary from the LPC period to 146 b.c., the bulk of which is Corinthian. The reader will quickly be aware that most of this pottery comes not from sealed and limited contexts but from large dumped fills with a long range of dates. This situation reflects the larger problem of the lack of such defined contexts in most periods of Corinth's history. Weinberg's volume of Protocorinthian and Corinthian material, articles by Brann and Campbell, and the...

Processing The Clay

As already pointed out, obtaining and processing the best clay has always been a problem for the potters. Changes are reluctantly made. During the early part of the twentieth century, the Indians were still beating their clay and thus removing impurities exactly as their ancestors had done for centuries. The Brown family demonstrated this method for Harrington. When the material had been brought in, John placed some of the moist pipe clay upon a little platform of boards, and began to pound it...

The Pipe Industry

The Catawba pipe tradition traces its roots to the very origin of tobacco use and the invention of smoking paraphernalia in the Southeast. It continues to exhibit great vitality, and pipes are produced in a wide assortment of forms and styles see Figures 29, 30, and 31 . Making pipes is, in effect, a Catawba sub-tradition. Since pipe bending, as the Catawba call it, requires special skills, some Catawba excel at the craft while others do not. The current incentive to make pipes is often linked...

Nature Knowledge

USN SERE JEST' Instructor 1825 Linden St., Grand Junction, CO 81503 Phone 970 242-8507 Wilderness Survival Skills Tipi Camps 20 years experience worldwide. He has trained military personnel in desert, jungle, arctic and mountain areas. He is featured in the Woodsmoke videos and books for his fire making knowledge. You will leam a lot and have a great time at these camps. He teaches a combination of primitive knowledge and being prepared. Programs Tailored 1 hour to 3 day programs. NK- 1,...

Concrete Benches

Details Concrete Bench

Fig. hi, shows a concrete bench which is especially designed with a view of meeting the demand for a simple yet artistic piece of lawn furniture, and at the same time can be made with a minimum amount of skill and expense by those who are as yet uninitiated in this work. A detail drawing of the Fig. Ill A Simnle Design for a Concrete Garden Beirh Executed bv the Author Fig. Ill A Simnle Design for a Concrete Garden Beirh Executed bv the Author end supports or the...

Coarse Slabs Figs

Sixty-five fragments, representing at least 18 large slabs, were encountered throughout the dump and inside the kiln.142 In the dump, 62 fragments were widely distributed throughout the three soil strata, occurring in 37 out of 138 pails, or in more than one out of every four pails.143 In the kiln channels and firing pit an additional 3 fragments were encountered. Only 3 of those 65 slabs were restorable to some extent 60, 61, C 10073 Fig. 43 . This is a remarkably poor recovery rate in view of...

Bibliography And Abbreviations

Davidson, The Minor Objects, Princeton 1952 XIII C. W. Blegen, H. Palmer, and R. S. Young, The North Cemetery, Princeton 1964 XV, ii A. N. Stillwell, The Potters3 Quarter, The Terracottas, Princeton 1952 XV, iii A. N. Stillwell and J. L. Benson, The Potters' Quarter The Pottery, Princeton 1984 XVIII, ii K. W. Slane, The Sanctuary of Demeter, Roman Pottery and Lamps, forthcoming D los XXXI A. Laumonier, Exploration arch ologique de D los, XXXI, i, La c ramique hell nistique reliefs,...

The role of mycenaean pottery in the material culture of hazor

Mycenaean ceramic vessels and figurines are the only imports at Hazor of certain Aegean origin. In comparison with some large coastal centres in the southern Levant, imports which are archaeological-ly immediately recognisable are relatively scarce at Hazor.81 Nevertheless, Egyptian imports at Hazor constitute a varied repertoire of finds from various parts of the site a number of scarabs,82 faience beads,83 and alabaster vessels84 have been found, as well as two ceramic bowls possibly locally...

Porcelain Russia

Emperor Alexander I., 1801-1825. St. Petersburg. Emperor Alexander II., 1855. Moscow. Established 1787, by A. Gardner. Moscow. A. Popoffe, established 1830. St. Petersburg. Brothers Korneloffe, makers. Established 1827. Moscow. Gulena, potter. Fabrica Gospodina.

With A Foreword By William Harris

Contemporary American Indian Studies J. Anthony Paredes, Ser es Editor Thomas John Blumer With a Foreword by William Harris THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA PRESS Tuscaloosa and London Copyright 2004 Thomas John Blumer All rights reserved Published by The University of Alabama Press Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487-0380 Manufactured in the United States of America The paper on which this book is printed meets the minimum requirements of American National Standard for Information Science-Permanence of Paper...

Previous research

The Syro-Palestinian littoral, commonly known as the Levant, is now taken up by six modern nation states Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan and the Palestine Autonomy. This configuration and the political instability in the region over the last fifty years have influenced archaeological research, and any interpretation of distribution patterns in this area is hazardous. This is true also for the distribution of Mycenaean pottery, which has been found at 111 sites, from Charchemish site no....

Frayence Germany

I'AVKNCK. li 1'. . IU M. c'ui.t n nk. Ciivs. X VI lt cnturv. Colocjnk. lsiyt'iirci. XVI11 lt gt ntiuy. i I. L. Oi'llHT, ntl 'r. BELGIUM. 91 Luxembourg. Boch. Estabrl- 1767. An den n s. A. Van der Waert. XIX Century. I' unters' Marks. Fsta '1- ifj 1B00. Fecit IACODUS FKBVRTER, Insulis in Flanriria, Anno 17 r 6. Pinxit MARIA STEPIIANUS BORNE Anno 1716. Lille. lt Jo ajin Otto Jgjj't-L 'SculjoJ'tt ' tretet. J La m burcj Cai is y3fai ucirij lt -Ann o 756 Hamburg. Ghemaeckte tot...

Abbreviations

AAA Archaiologika analekta ex Athenon Athens Annals of Archaeology Aegaeum Aegaeum Annales d'arch ologie g enne de l'Universit de Li ge AJA American Journal of Archaeology. The Journal of the Archaeological institute of America AM Mitteilungen des Deutschen Arch ologischen instituts, Athenische Abteilung AmerAnt American Antiquity AnatSt Anatolian Studies. Journal of the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara Antiquity Antiquity. A Quarterly Review of Archaeology AR Archaeological Reports...

Dating

Even though the kiln produced light-on-dark patterned pottery, and there is no evidence that it ever fired vases decorated with dark-painted motifs on a lustrous buff ground, there are compelling reasons for dating its lifetime to the advanced and final stages of LM IA, as they are now defined at Kommos. Until recently, the LM IA phase at Kommos was poorly known through a few stratified contexts on the Hillside and Hilltop. In their publications of this material, Betancourt and Watrous divided...

Peddling Pottery

The Catawba potters draw from a peddling tradition with deep roots and excel at using their forefathers' bartering techniques when trading Merrell 1989 31 . The Catawba have probably always dealt in pottery. As mentioned, John Lawson noted their eighteenth-century trade in pipes. The Catawba claimed a trade network that covered the entire 55,000 square miles occupied by Catawban speakers and beyond to nations with which they maintained friendly relations. Clearly, the Indians had other viable...

Kraters And Lekanai

Decoration only see catalogue entry. Decoration only see catalogue entry. The inventoried kraters show a variety of styles, shapes, and sizes. It cannot be determined, however, how many of these kraters, Corinthian or Attic, were service vessels in the dining rooms and how many were votives. Fragments of kraters, decorated and plain, were found in Sanctuary strata until the Hellenistic period. It is probable that plain and black-glazed kraters mostly Corinthian, but a few uninventoried Attic...

The role of mycenaean pottery in the material culture of thapsos

Mycenaean, Cypriot and Maltese imported pottery form only a small part of the ceramic record in the tombs at Thapsos. Maltese cups have been found in relative abundance in the settlement contemporary with the necropolis.41 The same cannot be said for Myceanean - or Cypriot - pottery, which appears to have been scarce among the settlement finds.42 This could indicate that Mycenaean pottery 36 Tombs nos. 10, 38, A1, XXI 47. 37 Tomb XXI 47 produced two Base Ring II ware vessels and one White...

FunnelPL

Fragmentary restored. Original bottom surface of spout apparently broken in antiquity and trimmed off to a smooth edge. Hard, brownish buff clay with grits purplish black glaze applied in a wide, spiral band around the exterior. The broad, round-bodied bowl terminates above in a flat-topped lip, set off by a deep groove on the exterior below, the body narrows sharply into the tapering spout. Single, horizontal, flat handle just below the lip. For a...

BellcupPL

Almost complete. Clay and glaze as F 3 double-dipping streak. Shape as F 12, but with more pronounced flare to the wall. F 15. Plate fragment, stamped. Pis. 57, 61. P 11848. P.H. 0.009 D. of resting surface est. 0.12. Fragmentary rim missing. Soft, micaceous, cinnamon-red clay dull, reddish glaze. The surface of the clay has flaked extensively. At the center of the floor, a potter's stamp 8co po v .10 This fragment is an example of the finer and earlier class of Samian...

Garden Furnitureconcrete Pedestals

Concrete Pedestal

Sun dials, statuettes, and vases mounted on ornamental pedestals add greatly to the pietur-esqueness of the modern garden. These pedes- Fig. 97 - Concrete Pedestal F.xecnted bv the Autho Fig. 97 - Concrete Pedestal F.xecnted bv the Autho tals are made in numerous designs and of various materials, such as stone, marble, and concrete The accompanying half-tone illustration, Fig. 93, shows a pedestal made of white Portland cement It is of simple design, and one which lends itself nicely to the...

Funerary contexts

In total, sixty-seven tombs from Thapsos have been published, including the nine enchytrismoi.14 Mycenaean pottery has been reported from twenty-two of these, as is indicated in Table 16.1 below. Such a figure could indicate that only a minority of the tombs contained Mycenaean pottery. However, the heavy disturbances in many of the funerary cellars, as well as the small number of Aegean vessels in most of the tombs, argues for caution in this respect. Little can be said about the spatial...

Stratigraphy Of The Kiln Dump

Temporary Kiln For Black Pottery

The dump covered a 14.5 by 7.5 m area stretching east, north, and west of the kiln Fig. 27 .22 Farther to the north and east, kiln pottery was mixed with destruction debris of Building T as well as with LM IIIA2 B and historical material.23 The dump was covered by the same LM IIIA2 B stratum that topped the kiln Fig. 8 see above, p. 28 . Below the kiln dump as well as to the west and east of it, excavators found debris of the ruined South Stoa see above, pp. 5, 8 . This destruction material...

Conclusions

In each of the three areas which have been the focus of this study, Mycenaean pottery is completely different from the products of the local and regional potting-industries. In the Levant, during the Late Bronze Age, potters had returned to using a slow wheel for ceramic production and painted decoration was not very common.55 In Cyprus, even though a standardised wheel-made ceramic industry developed during LC IIC, pottery generally was handmade and comprised a comparatively restricted range...

Pl Pl Pl Pl Pl

Later 6th century late 6th century third quarter 5th century end of 5th or early 4th century second quarter 4th century In Corinth, the fine-ware table hydria never had the popularity that it enjoyed in Athens.4 Black-figured hydriai are rarities in comparison both to other shapes at home and to the numbers of hydriai made 1 The stamped amphora handles from the Sanctuary will be published by C. Koehler in Corinth XIX, forthcoming. 2 Williams, Hesperia 38, 1969, pp. 57-59 there are also hydriai...

The range of mycenaean vessel types

Vessel Types

From the overview presented in the previous section it is clear that the repertoire of Mycenaean pottery outside the Aegean encompasses a wide range of open and closed pot shapes. In order to identify patterns in the contextual distribution of such a wide range of vessels, they need to be classified in a suitable framework. In a study dealing with the use and appreciation of the vessels themselves, a classi- twenty-three analysed sherds fell into the Berbati Balensi 1980, 485. Open shapes are...

The role of mycenaean pottery in the material culture of deir alla

Mycenaean ceramic vessels are the only imports at Deir 'Alla which can be identified as coming from the Aegean. In addition, three fragments of Cypriot White Slip II milk bowls have been discovered, while a fourth sherd is likewise labelled as Cypriot.31 A number of cylinder seals from northern Syria have been found, as well as a variety of objects from Egypt, such as seals, faience amulets, scarabs and a faience vessel.32 The spatial distribution of these imports at the tell is indicated in...

Schematic Plan

Kolonna Ancient Aegina Plan

A Aegina Kolonna schematic plan Fig. A Aegina Kolonna schematic plan A Fortification Wall B Inner City C New Excavation Area D First Extension of the City E Shaft Grave F Second Extension of the City Settlement Sequence Ceramic Sequence Settlement Sequence Ceramic Sequence Phase A with subphases A1, A2, etc. Fig. B Early and Middle Bronze Age settlement and ceramic sequence Fig. B Early and Middle Bronze Age settlement and ceramic sequence Fig. C Aegina Kolonna - Middle Bronze Age deposits...

The Cherokee Trade

Arretine Ware

After World War I, Americans became infatuated with the automobile. As the number of cars increased, the roads were improved, and the grid of our modern highway system began to take shape. It was not long before adventurous tourists began to straggle into the Great Smoky Mountains to visit the Cherokee Indians. Naturally, these individuals wanted mementos of Indian country. As the number of visitors grew, the enterprising Cherokee were quick to recognize and develop a market for arts and...

Figures

Early Brown family working at Schoenbrun Village, Ohio Evelyn Brown George picking clay in Nisbet Bottoms Larry Brown sitting inside the Blue Clay Hole Rubbing rocks used by Doris Wheelock Blue Incising tools used by Doris Wheelock Blue Edith Harris Brown building a Catawba cooking pot Basic pot made with a morsel of clay Nola Campbell holding a green ware gypsy pot Water pitchers Building a cupid jug Building a wedding jug Wedding jugs Peace pipes Bending an arrow pipe Pipes Earl Robbins with...

North Carolina Mountain Trade Ware Shapes

This trade ware, centered on the Cherokee Indian Reservation, resulted in the production of a number of forms made to satisfy the local merchants. These shapes were encouraged by the traders. They felt such things were Indian enough in appearance to attract tourists. Some popular nineteenth-century shapes such as the canoe and bookends were encouraged by the merchants. 3. candlestick with Indian head 14. diamond playing card ashtray 21. canoe with Indian head lugs pipe 22. canoe with flat...

Professionalism and the Catawba Potters

Due recognition has come slowly to the Catawba potters. The signing of Catawba pottery vessels is a relatively recent practice, and today collectors expect to see signatures on the bottom of the vessels they purchase. As is often the case, however, even the most modern Catawba innovations often have deep roots that reach into the past. Some Catawba began to write on the bottom of their vessels following the Civil War. To date, the oldest example of a signed Catawba pot was found on the old Head...

References Cited

Act No. 401, An Act to Settle and Regulate the Indian Trade. March 20, 1719. South Carolina Statutes at Large 3 86-96. Act No. 487, An Additional Act to an Act Entitled an Act for the Better Regulation of the Indian Trade. February 15, 1723. South Carolina Statutes at Large 3 229-232. Act No. 2831, An Act to Make Appropriations . . . 1841. Acts of South Carolina Columbia Pemberton, 1842 , pp. 146-149. Act No. 393, An Act to Repeal Section 3205, Code of Laws of South Carolina, 1942, Providing...

Editorial Assistants Kathryn Armstrong Peck Kimberly A Berry Julia Gaviria Deborah Griesmer Benjamin Safdie

THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY, the journal of the Archaeological Institute of America, was founded in 1885 the second series was begun in 1897. Indices have been published for volumes 1-11 1885-1896 , for the second series, volumes 1-10 1897-1906 and volumes 11-70 1907-1966 . The Journal is indexed in ABS International Guide to Classical Studies, American Humanites Index, Anthropological Literature An Index to Periodical Articles and Essays, Art Index, Arts amp Humanities Citation Index,...

The role of mycenean pottery in the material culture of enkomi

Apart from the Mycenaean vessels, few other objects produced in the Aegean have been found at Enkomi. A bronze jug from the main burial chamber of Sw. T. 18, dated to LC IIC, is certainly not Cypriot in shape and finds its best parallels in the Aegean.120 Considering the extensive evidence for copper working at Enkomi, however, it is possible that this jug was produced at Enkomi itself. A silver Vapheio-cup in British tomb 92 shows that an Aegean vessel in precious metal was imported already at...

Conclusion

The Catawba pottery tradition is alive and well. The craft remains a strong reflection of what the Catawbas' ancestors made before the coming of the white man. The pottery is still closely tied to the Indians' economy. Today, however, the potters are amazed to learn the prices demanded by their predecessors. The smoking pipe that sold for 10 cents in 1900 sells for a minimum of 45 dollars or more today. The same is true of every other shape produced by the potters. Making Ca-tawba pottery is...

Kalathoi And Kalathiskoi

With figure decoration pyxis-kalathos 216-219 Fig. 28, PI. 23 EC-LC Flaring, with and without perforations 9-17 Group 1 PI. 4 39 Age - Thompson, Hesperia 3,1934, p. 324, A 53, fig. 8 p. 343, B 39, fig. 23 p. 417, E 127, fig. 100. Kerameikos Braun, AM 85,1970, p. 136, no. 23 p. 141, nos. 90-92 p. 143, nos. 108,109 p. 145, nos. 118,119 p. 148, no. 139 p. 155, no. 178 comparative photographs pi. 82 2 and 3. 40 For discussion of the changes, see Braun, AM 85, 1970, pp. 165-166. I am grateful to...

Teaching the Craft

The teaching of the Catawba pottery tradition is guarded jealously. The Indians have always been determined to keep their tribal possession in their hands. One of the major concerns among the potters regarding tribal-based research for this book was that non-Catawba might learn Catawba construction methods. It was finally decided that pottery making is widely taught at every educational level, and Catawba methods would be of little interest to outsiders Samuel Beck, interview, 3 May 1977, BC ....

Minor And Lost Clay Resources

The Catawba still know some alternate clay holes by name or vague location. Doris Blue remembered a lost clay hole I remember they used to come down below Edna's to get clay below where we lived then. Sarah Harris was a tall lady, and all the old ladies were so thin, so slim. These old ladies would come down the hill going down below Edna's to get clay and all of them would have these skirts on and long aprons. They'd go down there and get their clay, and each of them would come back with their...

Design Motifs

To add extra decorative elements to their wares, many Catawba potters employ incised designs. Unfortunately, while archaeologists often excavate incised Catawba pieces in their digs, to date no one has found a site that reveals the complete body of Catawba motifs. This is true even for the area within just a few miles of the Catawba Reservation and historic living sites in both York and Lancaster counties in South Carolina. In the summer of 2002, the University of North Carolina at Chapel...

Wasters Figs

A large number of wasters, 312 in all, have been recovered from the dump, and an additional 3 come from the kiln channels and the firing pit. Most wasters were quite evenly distributed throughout the strata of the dump, occurring in 56 out of 138, or in more than one out of three, excavation units.154 However, several clusters numbering up to 37 wasters have been found in the red and dark brown strata, mostly in the vicinity of the firing pit Figs. 28, 30 .155 Their distribution suggests that...

Wanka Ceramic Use and Discard Survey

Surveys of cooking vessel usage and discard were conducted during 1985 in 18 Wanka villages Table 1 , located in the foothills of the cordillera flanking the eastern and western margins of the Mantaro River Valley of Peru's central highlands, between Jauja and Huancayo Figure 1 . These villages are remote, Table 1. Usage Survey Village Households, Vessels, and Fuel Types Table 1. Usage Survey Village Households, Vessels, and Fuel Types traditional Andean farming communities where the household...

Explanatory Notes

Several different systems of numbering have been used in the Corinth Museum since 1896. The original system was to identify the type of object CL Corinth Lamp, CP Corinth Pottery and follow it by a continuous sequence of numbers. Objects from the Shear excavations of 1925-1931 were numbered separately by area, e.g. CH Cheliotomylos 43. Beginning in 1927, newly excavated pottery was numbered by the year in which it was found C-27-1, while CP numbers continued to be used for new entries from old...

Native Resource Clay

The Catawba potters use two types of clay, pipe clay wimisuito and pan clay itoitus . Although the original Catawba-language terms are no longer common knowledge, the clays retain their separate identities. Pipe clay is often used alone but only to make small objects like pipes, hence the term pipe clay. It must be mixed with pan clay to make large vessels like pans, hence the term pan clay Harrington 1908 . Both clays are dug from pits that have been in use for a very long time, probably...

Mycenaean repertoire

The large quantities of Mycenaean pottery at Lipari and Broglio are paralleled only at a few other sites in the central Mediterranean. More than 340 Mycenaean sherds have been published from the island of Vivara site no. 342 ,2 while the excavations at Scoglio del Tonno in Taranto site no. 314 produced more than 150 Mycenaean finds.3 In Nuraghe Antigori site no. 348 , where Bronze Age levels have been reached in a limited number of rooms, more than forty Mycenaean finds were made, but over 100...

List Of Plates

2 Pine-cone Bowls and Molds 3-6 Imbricate Bowls 8 Imbricate Molds. Floral Bowls 9-13 Floral Bowls 16 Floral Bowl with Figures. Figured Bowls Idyllic 17-33 Figured Bowls Idyllic 34 Figured Bowls Idyllic and Mythological Herakles 35 Figured Bowls Mythological Theseus, Odysseus 36 Figured Bowl Mythological Rape of Persephone 37 Figured Bowls Mythological Rape of Persephone, Rape of Europa 38 Figured Bowls Mythological Rape of Ganymede 39,40 Figured Bowls Mythological Prokne Opheltes Herakles and...

On site distribution of the mycenaean pottery

Even though the excavation report states that the Late Bronze Age sherds from area E were similar to those from areas A and B, no Mycenaean pottery has been reported from trench E.14 The same is true for trenches D, F, G and H. All Aegean-type pottery has been found in trenches A and B, or during the surface investigations of the large area C Table 12.1 . According to the figures in Table 12.1, there appears to be a concentration of Mycenaean finds in area A. The difference in size between...

It Has Been A Great Year Thanks For An Your Support

MARK YOUR CALENDARS MAKE YOUR PLANS TO ATTEND THE RIGGEST amp REST TRiRE GATHERING EVER TRIBE GATHERING 1997 JUNE 12-15, 1997 REGISTRATION FORM IN THIS ISSUE See sidebar, page 2, for details as well as Registration Form. It's basic, but it's still one of the most useful of stone working technologies. Steve Watts Aboriginal Technologies, Gastonia, NC gives some valuable insights for use and care of primitive pottery. Fast, Survival Bow Drill Strings Why Spend Time Fiddling With Your Bow Part 2...

Available For Teaching Opportunities

1403 Killian Rd., Stanley, NC 28164 Phone 704 827-0723 E-Mail windsong perigee.net OFFERING WORKSHOPS, PROGRAMS AND PRESENTATIONS IN PRIMITIVE, SURVIVAL amp WILDERNESS LIVING SKILLS Basic Primitive Survival Skills, Wilderness Tool Making, Braintan Buckskin, Traps amp Snares, Primitive Survival Hunting Weaponry, Primitive Jewelry, Primitive Fishing Technologies, Primitive Lighting Methods, Wilderness Cooking, Fire Making, Fire Craft, Rope Craft, Shelter Building, Pre-Historic and 18th Century...

Bridge SpoutedJars

With approximately 116 examples, this pouring vessel is after the conical cup the most popular vase shape in the kiln and the dump. Bridge-spouted jars occur somewhat more frequently than do jugs, representing 10 of the estimated number of vases, as opposed to 8 for the jugs Fig. 39 . A preponderance of bridge-spouted jars over jugs also has been noticed by Watrous among LM IA pottery from the Kommos hillside houses.107 Most bridge-spouted jars are small and have fine fabrics 34-36 . An...

Early Mycenaean Mortuary Meals at Lerna VI with special Emphasis on their Aeginetan Components

Pottery Illustrations

The integrative role played by feasting in the creation and maintenance of hierarchical social relations is well documented in the archaeological and ethnographic record. During the past decade, several archaeological contexts from the Bronze Age Aegean have been interpreted as remains of such activities. it is argued that a large portion of the mortuary remains from the two shaft graves at Lerna VI represent clear examples of this phenomenon already at the beginning of the Mycenaean period....

Lm Ia Pottery Production At Kommos Vase Shapes

The range of shapes fired in this kiln and their relative frequencies in this deposit are summarized in Table 4 and Figure 39 pp. 43 and 67 . Conical cups take up 56 , and other cup types and bowls an additional 15 . Pouring vessels represent 20 of the kiln output. These include bridge-spouted jars, jugs, and a few rhyta. Oval-mouthed amphoras take up 6 of the deposit, and large basins, closed jars, pithoi, and fine pedestaled vases the remaining 3 . With few exceptions, the percentages of the...

Table Proposed Synchronization Of Lm Ia Stages At Kommos Knossos And Palaikastro

Early LM IA MM IIIB LM IA transition MM IIIB Advanced LM IA MM IIIB LM IA transition LM IA Advanced LM IA Interval of unknown duration The presence of a mature LM IA Knossian straight-sided cup with darkon-light reed pattern in a final LM IA context at Kommos further supports the contemporaneity of the two stages.173 In view of the chronological proximity of the advanced and final stages at Kommos, it is likely that advanced LM IA at Kommos would have overlapped at least in part with the...

Aegina Kolonna the Ceramic Sequence of the Sciem Project

Establishment of a stratigraphie and ceramic sequence from Early Helladic III EH III to Late Helladic I LH I at Aegina-Kolonna has been the main aim of the SCIEM 2000 project over the last years.1 This paper summarizes the most recent research and excavation work. We will also attempt here to compare the strati-graphic excavation results from the two main excavation areas with each other, namely the fortification wall Fig. A A and the so-called inner city to the west Fig. A B . The excavations...

Terminology and Phasing System at Kolonna

The terminology and phasing system at Kolonna, as well as some related problems, may be summarized as follows. In previous publications, three phases of occupation - Kolonna IV to VI - were distinguished for the EH III period, and four settlement phases -Kolonna VII to X - for the MH period.5 The same terms have also been used for describing the sequence of ceramic phases. This practice is in our opinion liable to lead to misunderstanding and we would like, instead, to distinguish clearly...

Group H

This group represents material from the building fill Deposit P 8 1 of a circular structure, of which the foundations alone are preserved in situ.1 The building lies west of the northern half of the Stoa of Attalos. Adjacent to the foundations of this monopteros, to the northeast and east, was found a layer of earth, 0.50-0.70 m. deep, which contained numerous working chips of green serpentine such as that of fragmentary, unfluted column shafts found near by, which presumably belonged to the...

Mycenaean presence in the mediterranean

Another issue which is closely related to the subject of this book concerns the degree to which Aegeans actively participated in the international economy of the Late Bronze Age. Ideas about this topic have been formulated since the days of Heinrich Schliemann, who believed that the Shaft Graves at Mycenae could only be accounted for by a Phoenician invasion.53 The discovery of large amounts of Mycenaean pottery in tombs at Minet el-Beida and Ras Shamra Ugarit led C. Schaeffer to believe that...

Arretium Figurine

Facturing, also, must have played a prominent part in the life of the ancient Arretines, for among all the Etruscan towns, it is noteworthy that only Arretium was called upon to furnish shields and spears and other equipment for Scipio's fleet.1 For an extensive production of vases we have no evidence from the earlier period of the city. The Etruscan tombs of the ancient necropolis have yielded specimens of the ordinary Etruscan black ware bucchero , as well as imported Greek vases, but these...

Fayence Franck

Signature of Signatures of Signatures of Le Vavasseur Guillebaud Claude Borne, Signature Initials of of N. f. P. Can s s'y, Dellen- 1720.' ger, 1800. The above signatures occur on specimens of Rouen fay en cc. The above signatures occur on specimens of Rouen fay en cc. Nider viller. Beyeriii, established 1760. S'i'NAsitouRG. Hannoii f. XVITI Cent.

The Origins Of The Athenian Moldmade Bowl

Moldmade bowls appeared suddenly in Athens early in the last quarter of the 3rd century. They did not develop gradually but seem to have been the result of a single act of inventioa In their relief designs and the sheen of the glaze they resemble gold, silver, and bronze bowls. Ancient testimonia tell us that metal vessels of this sort were highly prized 1 that they were often duplicated by a mechanical process is clear from plaster casts which were taken for this purpose.2 The similarities...

The Catawba Potters

Georgia Indian Pottery Designs

The Catawba potters are doing much the same thing as the contemporary Alibamu-Koasati, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Creek, Louisiana Koa-sati, and Seminole by reflecting the art of the old Indians. The surviving art of these communities echoes the same ancient motifs to varied degrees. All of these tribes, like the Catawba, suffered the rapid decline of their native cultural environments to various degrees. In all cases it took four centuries for this to happen. For the Catawba, and most likely for the...

Preparing The Clay

19th Century Clay Pipes

The wooden pestle once used to beat the clay was abandoned in the first quarter of the twentieth century. The boards and shallow traylike receptacle used for beating clay, photographed by Harrington in 1903 and recalled by Doris Blue, have also gone the way of the pestle. The old beating process was replaced by window wire used to strain the clay and thus remove impurities. Some of the Indians stretch this wire on a wooden frame. Fletcher Beck made such a frame for his wife Sallie Beck. It was...

The role of mycenaean pottery in the material culture of lipari

Mycenaean Comb

The three successive strata vary in the extent to which they have produced objects other than the Mycenaean ceramic vessels deriving from international and regional exchange. In the Capo Graziano level, a bead of white-blue glass paste was found in structure 8 XXI.52 An Aegean origin for the glass beads in Italy has been proposed.53 However, a production of glass products within the central Mediterranean cannot be excluded, as is suggested by the evidence for the circulation of glass ingots in...

Mycenaean repertoires

As is clear from the discussions in chapter 2, the Levant has the most sites with Mycenaean pottery, but the density is highest in Cyprus, as is the absolute number of pots. A common characteristic of the distribution pattern in all areas is that everywhere a large number of sites has produced very few Mycenaean finds, while only a few sites have yielded substantial quantities of it. Several large urban centres along the Levantine coast have produced large amounts of this pottery however, it...

Reconceptualizing The Middle Helladic Type Site From a Ceramic Perspective Is Bigger Really Better

More than twenty years of strewing, sorting, and writing up sherd material of the Early, Middle, and Late Helladic hereafter EH, MH, and LH, respectively periods from half a dozen different excavations on the central and southern Greek mainland Korakou, Gonia, Ayios stephanos, Lerna, Athens, Tsoungiza, and Mitrou , in addition to ten years of similar work with Middle to Late Minoan hereafter MM and LM ceramics from a major site in south-central Crete Kommos , have persuaded me that MH pottery...

Abbreviations And Bibliography

The principal works cited in this volume and the abbreviated titles by which they are mentioned are listed below Alexandria Rudolf Pagenstecher, Expedition Ernst von Sieglin, Ausgr bungen in Alexandria, Band II, 3, Die Gefasse in Stein und Ton, Knochenschnitzereien, Leipzig, 1918. A. J. A. American Journal of Archaeology. Antioch, I Antioch on-the-Orontes, I, The Excavations of 1932, ed. George W. Elderkin, Prin Antioch, IV, 1 Antioch on-the-Orontes, IV, 1, Ceramics and Islamic Coins, ed....

List Of Illustrations

Amphora, Pelike, Psykter, Krater, Large Bowl, Oinochoe through Shape 3 . Cf. Pis. 1-7 8 Profiles. Oinochoe cont., Mug, Olpe. Cf. Pis. 8-13 4 Profiles. Skyphos and Cup. Cf. Pis. 14-20 5 Profiles. Cup cont., and Stemless. Cf. Pis. 20-23 6 Profiles. Phiale, Bolsal, Cup-skyphos, Cup-kantharos. Cf. Pis. 23-28 7 Profiles. Kantharos, Cup-kantharos, Calyx-cup. Cf. Pis. 28-29 8 Profiles. One-handler and Bowl. Cf. Pis. 30-32 9 Profiles. Small Bowl, Saltcellar, Stemmed Dish, Plate. Cf. Pis....